Administrators and educators need useful information, knowledge, skills, and capacity building to guide decisions when it comes to improving practices and outcomes. Accountability systems should be based on a broad array of student outcomes, not only test scores, and takes into consideration not only student background characteristics but also the resources of schools, families and communities, as well as diagnostic information on school and district capacity in order to guide improvement efforts. When it comes to improving school performance, improving both individual capacity of teachers and school leaders has been identified as the key ingredient.
School Improvement & Accountability
- Goal Attainment Scaling: An evaluation tool to improve evaluation design and data collection for accountability and program improvement
- Utilizing Scaling in Evaluating IEPs (NPDC Model)
- GAS Demo: Scaling a Student Goal
- Goal Attainment Scaling for Individual Students and Group Interventions
- Bryk, A. S., Sebring, P. B., Allensworth, E., Luppescu, S., & Easton, J. Q. (2009). Organizing schools for improvement: Lessons from Chicago. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
- Elmore, R. F. (2004). School reform from the inside out. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press
- Joseph, L. M., Kastein, L. A., Konrad, M., Chan, P. E., Peters, M. T. & Ressa, V. A. (2014). Collecting and Documenting Evidence: Methods for Helping Teachers Improve Instruction and Promote Academic Success. Intervention in School and Clinic, 50(2), 86-95. Available at: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1053451214536043
- Knudson, J., Shambaugh, L., & O’Day, J. (2011). Beyond the School: Exploring a Systematic Approach to School Turnaround. "California Collaborative on District Reform, Policy and Practice Brief. AIR
- Malen, B. & Rice, J.K. (2004). "A framework for assessing the impact of education reforms on school capacity: Insights from studies of high-stakes accountability initiatives." Educational Policy, 18, 631-660
- Roach, A. T. & Elliott, S.N. (2005). Goal Attainment Scaling: An Efficient and Effective Approach to Monitoring Student Progress. Teaching Exceptional Children, 37(4), 8-17.